Arctic Full Set
Mass exodus from Arctic Russia
Miners at Severny pit stand in a solarium after their shift to combat lack of sunlight because of the polar night and their underground work.
Severny pit is one of five coal mines still operating around Vorkuta. A decade ago there were 13.
Average life expectancy for a miner in the Far North is around 54, but many die in their forties.
Vorkuta is a coal mining and former Gulag town 1,200 miles north east of Moscow, beyond the Arctic Circle, where temperatures in winter drop...