Arctic Full Set
Mass exodus from Arctic Russia
Polar darkness shrouds the Severny pit at noon. It is one of five coal mines still operating around Vorkuta. A decade ago there were 13.
Average life expectancy for a miner in the Far North is around 54, but many die in their forties.
Vorkuta is a coal mining and former Gulag town 1,200 miles north east of Moscow, beyond the Arctic Circle, where temperatures in winter drop to -50C.
Here, whole villages are being slowly deserted and reclaimed by snow, while the...